Essays Learning Theories

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Behaviorists state that there is no relationship between behavior and intelligence or conscious state in any way.

Constructivism looks at learning as a conscious attempt to try and explain the world around us.

The best way to teach a four-year-old how to write letter “a” using behaviorist theory is to show him the motions followed when writing letter “a”. F Skinner’s operant theory, a perfect way to teach is to reinforce accomplishments with appropriate feedback (University of Wurzburg, 2007).

By controlling punishments and rewarding, we can shape behavior.

Operant conditioning is a form of learning in which the consequences of behavior produce changes in the probability that a behavior will occur; punishment is a consequence that decreases the probability that a behavior will occur.

Essays Learning Theories

In positive reinforcement, a behavior increases because it is followed by a rewarding stimu...If we want to teach a nine-year-old to keep quiet in class, every time the desired behavior gets elicited we should reward with a token.With time the nine-year-old learns to associate keeping quiet with tokens.Break down the skills and concepts to be learnt into small units that get easily understood.Using direct instructional strategies or teacher-centered instruction is another way of using behaviorist theory to teach. Since the end desired result is known, we can instruct the learner on how to gain the objective.When a person responds to certain stimuli but not to others it is called discrimination.An example would be if I were to pay attention in Sociology and not in History.We should set specific objectives before teaching a new concept and arrange your materials and resources in a way that will directly lead to achievement of your objective.These objectives must be observable and measurable.Constructivists state that learning is an active conscious process that has an internal drive (Brunner, 2012).Cognitive theorists explain human behavior by bringing a clear understanding of the thought process.


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