However, it was the economic boycott that became by far the most effective means of altering the new British economic policies.
In 1765 representatives from nine colonies met at the Stamp Act Congress in New York and organized a boycott of imported English goods.
The British military establishment increased relentlessly in size during this period as it engaged in the Nine Years War (1688-97), the War of Spanish Succession (1702-13), the War of Austrian Succession (1739-48), and the Seven Years War (1756-63).
These wars brought considerable additions to the British Empire.
It was time in the British view that the Americans began to pay a larger share of the expenses of the empire.
Accordingly, a series of tax acts were passed by Parliament the revenue from which was to be used to help pay for the standing army in America. Proposed by England’s Prime Minister the act lowered tariff rates on non-British products from the West Indies as well as strengthened their collection.It was hoped this would reduce the incentive for smuggling and thereby increase tariff revenue (Bullion, 1982).The following year Parliament passed the Stamp Act that imposed a tax commonly used in England.The boycott was so successful in reducing trade that English merchants lobbied Parliament for the repeal of the new taxes.Parliament soon responded to the political pressure.American opposition to these acts was expressed initially in a variety of peaceful forms.While they did not have representation in Parliament, the colonists did attempt to exert some influence in it through petition and lobbying.Certain enumerated goods whether exported or imported by the colonies had to be shipped through England regardless of the final port of destination.The movement for independence arose in the colonies following a series of critical decisions made by the British government after the end of the war with France in 1763.The British decided that the Americans should share the costs of the military buildup in the colonies. Taxes were significantly higher in Britain than in the colonies.One estimate suggests the per capita tax burden in the colonies ranged from two to four per cent of that in Britain (Palmer, 1959).