C.), sculptors began depicting people as they really appeared.
Previously, people had been portrayed according to the Greek concept of the ideal human form.
They have also made sculptures of human figures so lifelike that they are mistaken for real people.
This kind of realism is often called photorealism or superrealism.
His plots, however, retained the romantic quality of melodrama.
Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary (1857) was the first major work to fully embrace the realist style.
The characters in these stories are controlled by their heredity, environment, instincts, and passions.
They live in a natural world that is indifferent to their plights.
American realists included the painters Thomas Eakins (The Gross Clinic, 1875) and Winslow Homer (Snap the Whip, 1872).
Later American realists included Grant Wood (American Gothic, 1930) and Edward Hopper (Nighthawks, 1942). They have created paintings so detailed and so realistic that they appear to be photographs.