Anglican parson Thomas Robert Malthus wrote his famous essay in 1798 in response to speculations on social perfectibility aroused by the French Revolution.Because human powers of procreation so greatly exceed the production of food, Malthus explained, population will always exceed available resources, and many will inevitably live at the ragged edge of subsistence.
, published in 1830, in which the author stands by his population principle despite all the vigorous attempts to refute it.
If man’s perfectibility was unlimited, then there was no reason to fear world population growth.
According to Godwin, the earth could feed “fifteen individuals instead of one”; i.e.
How could entire peoples have disappeared if the driving force of population growth was so powerful?
In situations of depopulation, the food supply constraint was clearly not as dire so logically the population should start growing again.