Additional or different maintenance rules and regulations may also apply.Condominium associations and owners of rental properties also commonly limit or forbid tenants' keeping of pets.They also offer physical contact with another living creature, something that is often missing in an elder's life.
According to a survey promoted by Italian family associations in 2009, it is estimated that there are approximately 45 million pets in Italy. households in 1988, the first year the survey was conducted.
This includes 7 million dogs, 7.5 million cats, 16 million fish, 12 million birds, and 10 million snakes. households, or about 85 million families, own a pet, according to the 2017-2018 National Pet Owners Survey conducted by the American Pet Products Association (APPA). Keeping animals as pets may be detrimental to their health if certain requirements are not met.
States, cities, and towns in Western nations commonly enact local ordinances to limit the number or kind of pets a person may keep personally or for business purposes.
Prohibited pets may be specific to certain breeds (such as pit bulls or Rottweilers), they may apply to general categories of animals (such as livestock, exotic animals, wild animals, and canid or felid hybrids), or they may simply be based on the animal's size.
In addition to providing health benefits for their owners, pets also impact the social lives of their owners and their connection to their community.
There is some evidence that pets can facilitate social interaction.Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Colorado at Boulder, Leslie Irvine has focused her attention on pets of the homeless population.Her studies of pet ownership among the homeless found that many modify their life activities for fear of losing their pets.Overweight pets have been shown to be at a higher risk of developing diabetes, liver problems, joint pain, kidney failure, and cancer.Lack of exercise and high-caloric diets are considered to be the primary contributors to pet obesity.Pet ownership prompts them to act responsibly, with many making a deliberate choice not to drink or use drugs, and to avoid contact with substance abusers or those involved in any criminal activity for fear of being separated from their pet.Additionally, many refuse to house in shelters if their pet is not allowed to stay with them.A 2007 survey by the University of Bristol found that 26% of UK households owned cats and 31% owned dogs, estimating total domestic populations of approximately 10.3 million cats and 10.5 million dogs in 2006. An important issue is inappropriate feeding, which may produce clinical effects.The consumption of chocolate or grapes by dogs, for example, may prove fatal.Pets can give companionship to people who are living alone or elderly adults who do not have adequate social interaction with other people.There is a medically approved class of therapy animals, mostly dogs or cats, that are brought to visit confined humans, such as children in hospitals or elders in nursing homes.