The use of irony in the story reflects the ironic nature of Hawthorne and his feelings towards the themes in the novel.
His obsession with sin, guilt, and punishment may be the result of something morbid from his own life or merely the seclusion he grew up in after his Puritan ancestors.
The second example of dramatic irony is when Dimmesdale becomes sick and moves in with Chillingworth for him to be his physician or leech.
However, Chillingworth is actually making his condition worse.
The second example of verbal irony is when Pearl asks her mother, "Why does Dimmesdale cover his heart?
" This is ironic because Pearl makes the connection about what he is doing but does not grasp that Dimmesdale actually covers a scarlet letter upon his chest.
Born into a strict, old Puritan family, Nathaniel Hawthorne grew up in seclusion.
Sin and punishment were largely the themes of Hawthorne's writing and were most likely influenced from his early years.
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