Ibn e Abbas ra narrated: “When the Prophet came to Medina, he found (the Jews) fasting on the day of ‘Ashura’ (i.e. They used to say: “This is a great day on which Allah saved Moses and drowned the folk of Pharaoh.Moses observed the fast on this day, as a sign of gratitude to Allah.” The Prophet said, “I am closer to Moses than they.” So, he observed the fast (on that day) and ordered the Muslims to fast on it.And he got victory on the tenth day of the Muharram over the Pharaohs of Egypt.
It was for this reason that the Jews used to fast on this day.
Prophet Muhammad (saw) also then ordered the Muslims to fast on the day of Ashura as well.
It is based on the migration of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) from Mecca to Medina in 622 AD.
However, the use of the Hijri calendar began in AD 639 or 17 AH during the Khilafat of Syedna Umar Farooq (ra).
Muharram festival 2019 would be celebrated by the people of Islam religion all over the world on 10th of September Tuesday.
Essay On Muharram Ul Haram
Dates of the celebration may vary according to the place.Muharram becomes the first month of the Islamic Calendar and considered as the sacred month pf the year according to the Muslims.The tenth day of the Muharram is the day of most significance which is celebrated with huge enthusiasm by the people of different factions of Muslim community for various reasons.[ Bukhari: Vol 4, Book 055, Hadith Number 609] Ibn ‘Abbas ra reported: ”When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) fasted on the day of ‘Ashura and commanded that it should be observed as a fast, they (his Companions) said to him: Messenger of Allah, it is a day which the Jews and Christians hold in high esteem.Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When the next year comes, God willing, we would observe fast on the 9th But the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) died before the advent of the next year.” [ Musim : Book 006, Hadith Number 2528] Abdullah ibn Abbas (ra) also reported that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) had said: “If I live till the next (year), I would definitely observe fast on the 9th.[ Muslim: Book 006, Hadith Number 2529] Hence, one should combine another day with the fast of Ashura and fast on either the 9th and 10th of Muharram or the 10th and 11th in order to distinguish the Muslim way of fasting from that of the Jews.It falls every year as the first month of the Islamic calendar and considered as one of the four sacred months of the year in Islam.It is a gazetted holiday (day off for the workers) all over the India in order to mark the start of Islamic year.According to the history, once, he refused to accept the Islamic rules by the Yazid.And he started revolting against him which gave rise to the Karbalan (a battle) during which he was beheaded whereas his family members were imprisoned in the Damascus.Regarding the four sacred months, Allah subhana watala says in the Quran, “so wrong not yourselves during these months” (At-Tawbah :36) Thus one should take special care so as not to commit any act which may displeaseof Allah Azzawjal by avoiding all acts of disobedience, sins, innovations and wrong doings.Ibn’e Abbas narrates that the Prophet Muhammed SAW spoke the following on the event of the Last Pilgrimage, ‘Your blood, wealth and honor are as sacred upon each other as the sanctity of this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this city of yours.’ [Sahih Bukhari] Is this message of the Holy Prophet not enough for us?