Manpower planning has been defined as the process of determining manpower requirements of an organisation through forecasting, developing and controlling to ensure that it has the right number of people and the right kind of people at the right places, at the right time doing work for which they are economically most useful.
The plans to fill up the vacancies of manpower requirements in the most suitable manner come within the purview of manpower planning.
It means it emphasize for the right number of people and right kind of people at the right places and the right time.
Many people have defined this term in different ways.
Its process is scientific, based on facts and rational calculation.
Manpower planning is mainly a staff function; it advises the line executives on the best utilisation of manpower.
Some of the quotable definitions given below to understand and properly the concept of man power planning.
Manpower planning is the process (including forecasting, developing, implementing and controlling, by which a firm assures that it has the right number of people and right kind of people at the right places, at the right time, doing things for which, they are economically most useful.
Eric Vetter defines manpower planning as the “Process by which management determines how the organization should move from its Current Manpower Position to its Desired Manpower Position.” Through planning, the management strives to have the right number and the right kind of people, at the right place, and at the right time, doing things which result in both the organization and workers receiving maximum long-term benefit.
Personnel planning involve an accurate determination of the present and future manpower needs of the organization, as also identification of the sources from which manpower needs would be met.