President Ram Baran Yadav unveiled the long-awaited new constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal on 20 September 2015, which recognizes the Right to Food as a fundamental right of the citizens of Nepal.
The promulgation of the new constitution represents a milestone of paramount importance for the country, affected in recent years by political instability and most recently by a devastating earthquake.
On February 1 of this year (2005), King Gyanendra of Nepal announced a state of emergency in Nepal, assuming direct rule over the kingdom for a planned 3 years.
Political leaders, including the prime minister and opposition leaders, were placed under house arrest.
It was approved by 507 of 601 lawmakers in the assembly.
FAO has supported the dialogue on food security, right to food and other related matters in Nepal for years.Provided that this provision shall not apply in cases where a state of emergency is declared because of extreme economic disarrays.(8) A person once appointed as the Chairperson or a member of the National Human Rights Commission shall not be eligible for appointment in other government service.Provided that nothing in this clause shall be deemed to be a bar to the appointment to any political position or to any position which has the responsibility of making investigations, inquiries or findings on any subject, or to any position which has the responsibility of submitting advice, opinion or recommendation after carrying out a study or research on any subject.249.Provided that a Member may be appointed to the office of Chairperson, and when a member is so appointed as the Chairperson, his or her term of office shall be so computed as to include his or her term as the Member.(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (3), the office of the Chairperson or member of the National Human Rights Commission shall be vacant in any of the following circumstances:(a) if he or she tenders resignation in writing to the President,(b) if a motion of impeachment is passed against him or her under Article 101,(c) if he or she is removed from office by the President on recommendation of the Constitutional Council on grounds of his or her inability to hold office and discharge the functions due to physical or mental illness,(d) if he or she dies.(6) A person shall be eligible to be appointed as the Chairperson or a member of the National Human Rights Commission if he or she possesses the following qualification:(a) in the case of the Chairperson, being a retired Chief Justice or retired Judge of the Supreme Court and having rendered outstanding contribution to the protection and promotion of human rights or being a renowned person having been active for at least twenty years in and rendered outstanding contribution to the protection and promotion of human rights or to various fields of national life, (b) in the case of a Member, being a person being involved in the field of the protection and promotion of human rights or rights and interests of the child or being a renowned person having been active for at least twenty years in and rendered outstanding contribution to various fields of national life,(c) holding a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university,(d) having attained the age of forty five years,(e) not being a member of any political party at the time of appointment,(f) being of high moral character.(7) The remuneration and other conditions of service of the Chairperson and members of the National Human Rights Commission shall be as provided for in the Federal law.The remuneration and conditions of service of the Chairperson and members of the National Human Rights Commission shall not, so long as they hold office, be altered to their disadvantage.While the reasons for the conflict are mainly indigenous and rooted in the social and economic in-equities, remedies for health inequities must come not only from the health sector but also from broad social policies and adopting a participatory and conflict-sensitive approach to development.Meanwhile the international community needs to use its leverage to urge both sides to accept a human rights accord and honor international human rights and humanitarian laws, while investigating allegations of abuse and prosecute those responsible.We also explore the role of the international community and developmental and humanitarian Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in the current conflict and their successes and failures in promoting the cause of human rights and health equity in Nepal.As one of the poorest countries in the world, Nepal has a gross national income of US0 per person  and a population of more than 23 million, where some 85 % reside in villages and the majority (82%) survive on less than 2 dollars a day.Originating in the western heartlands region of Nepal, which has some of the worst indicators, the conflict now has spread to all 75 districts.It has led to widespread disruption of infrastructure and affected the delivery of health services throughout the country. The conflict has claimed more than 11,000 lives and human rights violations have escalated since the collapse of a cease-fire between the two sides in August 2003.