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This process should be performed in a clear manner so that it would be possible for others to carry out this research.In second place on the hierarchy is randomised controlled trials, third; non-randomised controlled trials, fourth; non-experimental studies and fifth; descriptive studies/expert committees.After analysis the researcher would typically translate findings, examine the limitations and make suggestion as to how to implement into practice.
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) offer clinicians guidelines and criteria to follow with the aim of developing nursing care to the benefit of the clients health (NICE).
The Cochrane Collaboration supply research material which is available to everyone.
It is important to address which research findings nurses should consult to inform their clinical practice in order for them to deliver adequate care to their patients.
There are many different types of evidence available to practitioners; Gray Muir (1997) as cited in Gerrish (2006) outlines a hierarchy of evidence and indicates which types are more superior.
Placed at the top of the hierarchy are systematic reviews and multiple randomised controlled trials (RCTs).
A systematic review is essentially a study done on prior research; this is then deemed as secondary research (Parahoo 2006).In nursing research the aim of this research is to provide clients, their carers and their families with the best possible care in all aspects of their treatment to promote wellbeing (Burns and Grove 2001).“The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.It has been identified that barriers concerning the nurses skill include troubles identifying or appraising evidence and also lack of confidence of the individual in using resources to access the research.Organisational barriers seem to indicate that lack of support from senior staff in providing information and time to implement changes are the main cause for concern.The population that will be participating needs to be defined at this point consent may need to be sought from ethical committees.Once these arrangements are in place the data can be collected.Two journal articles will be critiqued within this essay; the aim of this is to indicate which evidence has been used, to assess the strengths and weaknesses in the research process and to evaluate its usefulness in practice.Research can be described as a method of investigating a chosen area to illicit new information on the topic or to build on previous knowledge.The author of this essay intends to explore and illustrate an understanding of the various types of evidence used within nursing practice.There are barriers to implementing research into practice, the author intends to give explanation to these barriers and detail strategies/organisations that assist to putting research into nurse’s everyday practice.