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Ethnic conflict, a form of conflict in which the objectives of at least one party are defined in ethnic terms, and the conflict, its antecedents, and possible solutions are perceived along ethnic lines.
Kabul, Afghanistan - The fall of the Taliban presented opportunities for the country's elite - of any region or ethnicity - to contribute to the foundations of a nation-state and heal the country's political fragmentation.
Afghanistan today has some institutions that can claim to be national, but a pan-Afghan, national politics is still missing.
If the group takes steps to confront the threats, its ethnicity becomes politicized, and the group becomes a political actor by virtue of its shared identity.
Essay On Ethnic Problems Of Pakistan Funny Research Papers
On the other side, ethnicity is just as much based on intangible factors—namely, on what people believe, or are made to believe, to create a sense of solidarity among members of a particular ethnic group and to exclude those who are not members.
According to primordialists, ethnicity is embedded in inherited biological attributes, a long history of practicing cultural differences, or both.
Ethnic identity is seen as unique in intensity and durability and as an existential factor defining individual self-identification and communal distinctiveness.
Solidifying a national identity is very important to avoid tensions between ethnic groups.
The politics of co-option and patronage will not help Afghanistan reduce its security expenditures or increase its development.