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Environmental pollution is basically the contamination of environment’s nature in both physical and biological systems which affects the normal functioning of the environment.Types and Causes of Environmental Pollution: The types of environmental pollution are specific to causes and components of the environment.Based on the pollutants and the pollution caused in the components of the environment, the environmental pollution may be classified as follows: i. The environmental pollution has greatly affected the quality of life for animals, plants and humans.
The main pollutants are industries because industries emit harmful gases in the atmosphere, which cause air pollution, industrial effluents are also discharged into water bodies causing water pollution.
Other pollutants include smoke from combustion, greenhouse gasses emission e.g., carbon dioxide which is high in India.
This is a global issue, which is seen commonly in all countries, including the third–world countries, irrespective of their developmental statuses. Environmental pollution is when human activities introduce contaminants in the environment, thereby leading to the disruption of the routine processes, causing irreversible changes in the environment. Thermal Pollution Conclusion: Any natural resource found in the environment, when used at a higher rate than the ability of its restoration, leads to depletion, thereby causing environmental pollution.
The agents causing pollution are called pollutants. This will lead to the declination of environmental quality and is evidenced by the loss of biodiversity, loss of flora and fauna, the introduction of new diseases and stressful life in the human population, etc.
But, as time is passing, we are becoming more selfish and keep on polluting our environment.
We do not know that if our environment gets more polluted then, it will ultimately affect our health and future too.How this pollution affects us and how it is caused has been a matter of study for years.It the need of today to understand the effects of environmental pollution and what should be done to minimise it.Environmental pollution is classified into groups depending on the natural components as follows; air pollution, noise pollution, soil pollution and water pollution.The contaminants of the environment are called pollutants.Harmful substances and contaminants affecting the environment constitute environmental pollution.All types of pollution such as air pollution, noise pollution, water pollution, light pollution, soil pollution, thermal pollution, radioactive pollution and others come under the broader category of environmental pollution.Effects of Environmental Pollution: Environmental pollution has been a challenge in India.The adverse effects are specific to the type of pollution although some may cut across.It will not be possible for us to survive on earth easily.Effect of Environmental Pollution on Health: It is unnecessary to tell that environmental pollution has ruined and spread its toxic tentacles inside the basic needs of human, i.e., water, food, air, and soil. It also damages the health of animals along with humans.