Different factions from the old Bordigist International Communist Party are also considered left communist organizations.
Trotskyism is the branch as advocated by Russian Marxist Leon Trotsky, a contemporary of Lenin from the early years of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, where he led a small trend in competition with both Lenin's Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks.
Trotsky's followers nevertheless claim to be the heirs of Lenin in the same way that mainstream Marxist–Leninists do.
Prolonged People's War relied heavily on the peasantry.
Third, Mao wrote many theoretical articles on epistemology and dialectics, which he called contradictions.