The position of the crown, politically dominant yet financially insecure, had always been potentially unstable, and, when Charles I lost the confidence of his greater subjects in the 1640s, his authority crumbled.
Meanwhile, the huge body of poor fell ever further behind the rich; the pamphlets of Thomas Harman (1566) and Robert Greene (1591–92), as well as Shakespeare’s The barely disguised social ferment was accompanied by an intellectual revolution, as the medieval synthesis collapsed before the new science, new religion, and new humanism.
Textual Variation (Editorial) Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene (1590–96): Dark Conceits: Theories of Allegory Christopher Marlowe, Doctor Faustus (1604/16): One Minute to Midnight: Textual Variation (Censorial) Mary (Sidney) Herbert, Countess of Pembroke: Translation, Gender and the Author’s Voice Thomas Nashe: Polyphonic Prose Fiction; or, When Was the First Novel?
William Shakespeare: Women on the Verge: Feminist Views of King Lear Self-Reﬂection and Paradox: John Donne’s Holy Sonnets and the Characteristics of Renaissance Literature 4 Case Studies in Reading 2: Key Theoretical and Critical Texts Christopher R.
In this period England’s population doubled; prices rocketed, rents followed, old social loyalties dissolved, and new industrial, agricultural, and commercial veins were first tapped.
Real wages hit an all-time low in the 1620s, and social relations were plunged into a state of fluidity from which the merchant and the ambitious lesser gentleman profited at the expense of the aristocrat and the labourer, as satires and comedies current from the 1590s complain.
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