Figure 2 PCo A analysis of the 34 Jordanian (triangle), Israeli (square) and Palestinian (circle) wheat ME core-collection, based on 84 KASP marker SNP data (DWRC assay).
Modern wheat cultivars (open symbols) and landraces (solid symbols).
Besides, its stalk as other cereal crops residue is a good source of animal feed and serves as mulch for different agronomic practices in Agriculture.
The production and productivity of wheat crop in Ethiopia has increased in the last decades, though the national average yield has not exceeded 1.7 tones/ha .
Correlation coefficient and its probability is indicated in case of significance. B.; Nashef, K.; Sela, H.; Distelfeld, A.; Alhajaj, N.; Ali-Shtayeh, M. Unlocking the Genetic Diversity within A Middle-East Panel of Durum Wheat Landraces for Adaptation to Semi-arid Climate.
Modern durum wheat cultivars (open symbols) and the landraces (solid symbols) are marked. AMA Style Abu-Zaitoun SY, Chandrasekhar K, Assili S, Shtaya MJ, Jamous RM, Mallah OB, Nashef K, Sela H, Distelfeld A, Alhajaj N, Ali-Shtayeh MS, Peleg Z, Ben-David R. Chicago/Turabian Style Abu-Zaitoun, Salam Y.; Chandrasekhar, Kottakota; Assili, Siwar; Shtaya, Munqez J.; Jamous, Rana M.; Mallah, Omar B.; Nashef, Kamal; Sela, Hanan; Distelfeld, Assaf; Alhajaj, Nawal; Ali-Shtayeh, Mohammed S.; Peleg, Zvi; Ben-David, Roi. The Til environment showed highest grain yield while the Irbid environment showed the lowest values.Analysis of variance showed a significant Genotype × Environment interaction for plant phenology traits (plant height and heading date) and productivity traits (1000-kernel weight, and grain yield).Durum wheat which was believed to be originated in the Abyssinian and Mediterranean  is traditionally grown on heavy black clay soil (vertisol) and it has very narrow adaptation and lower yield potential as compared to bread wheat .The grain is differentiated by its big size and weight, mainly suitable for pasta, macaroni, pastini and other manufacturing products.Modern durum wheat cultivars (open symbols) and the landraces (solid symbols) are marked." Figure 6 Radar charts comparing the phenotypic and yield component traits of the three genetic clusters: 1 (blue), 2 (green), and 3 (brown). **, and *** indicate significance at Drought is the major environmental factor limiting wheat production worldwide."Figure 6 Radar charts comparing the phenotypic and yield component traits of the three genetic clusters: 1 (blue), 2 (green), and 3 (brown). **, and *** indicate significance at This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited Abu-Zaitoun, S. Unlocking the Genetic Diversity within A Middle-East Panel of Durum Wheat Landraces for Adaptation to Semi-arid Climate. Citation: Lemma A, Woldeab G, Selvaraj T (2015) Response of Improved Durum Wheat (Triticum durum L.) Varieties to Wheat Stem Rust in Central Ethiopia. doi: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000158Copyright: © 2015 Lemma A, et al.Developing novel cultivars with greater drought tolerance is the most viable solution to ensure sustainable agricultural production and alleviating threats to food-security.Here we established a core-collection of landraces and modern durum wheat cultivars (Wheat ME, = 36), from the Middle East region (Jordan, Palestine and Israel) aiming at unlocking the genetic and morpho-physiological adaptation to semi-arid environment conditions.