Do Prisons Rehabilitate Essays

Do Prisons Rehabilitate Essays-42
There are several levels and methods of prisoner rehabilitation.Some prisons offer educational programs such as general education development classes or GED, associate and bachelor degree programs, and vocational work study courses.Minnesota prisoners who received job training paid 9,819 more in income taxes than those who did not get job training.

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Criminologists have shown that prison education classes drastically reduce the recidivism rate.

In Ohio, for example, inmates who enroll in college classes have a re-offending rate of 18%, while prisoners who do not take college courses have a re-incarceration rate of 40%.

[3] While almost all federal prisons have alcohol and drug rehabilitation programs, more than a quarter of all state prisons do not provide prisoners with alcohol and drug dependency, counseling, and awareness programs.

[4] Although prison rehabilitation programs initially cost prisons money to implement, studies have shown that these programs decrease the recidivism rate, decreasing the prison population.

Other prisoners offer faith-based rehabilitation programs, using faith and religion to encourage prisoners to change their lifestyles towards a moral existence (Langford, 2011). The corrections industry can measure its failures and successes by just looking to the past. However, New Yorkers have to stop being petty and look at the big picture. New York has a recidivism rate of 39.9%, which means that after an incarcerated person is released, that person has a 39.9% chance of committing another crime and returning to prison within three years. Prisons are, by nature, a punishment for crimes but they are also rehabilitation and correctional center for the well being of society. These are people who made very poor decisions and probably have little to lose, which makes a perfect candidate for someone who will revert back to old ways once released. Also the state would have to pay a one-time cost of about 750 million dollars due to construction of new facilities. Extreme Effects of Proposition 21 Proposition 21 was proposed so that fourteen year olds and older would be tried as adults for serious crimes.

Some prison units offer a more strict and strenuous program involving prisoners performing various forms of hard, physical labor. If proposition 21 passes it is going to send thousands of fourteen to sixteen year olds to state prison. If Proposition 21 passes it will deny these people from receiving rehabilitation and instead they will be put in state prison. Whenever a new proposition is placed on the ballot, people always look at the expense... Overview of Proposition 21 Tehachapi, California currently houses 98 violent children in its prison. Law enforcement is now able to release information to the public regarding a minor fourteen years old or older who has violated an offense as outlined in Section 707(b) of the W⁣. Law enforcement may disclose the name of a minor aged fourteen or older that has committed a serious felony as outlined in Penal Code section 1192.7c. New Felonies Proposition 21 has enacted the following six new felonies: - Criminal Street Gang Conspiracy - Penal Code Section 182.5.

Yet, look under the veneer, and you will find that prisons are facing serious problems today, such as the skyrocketing cost of keeping offenders behind bars and ever-widening gulf between the aims of incarcerations and the actual results.

According to the NAACP, the United States makes up only 5% of the world’s population but holds 25% of the world’s prison population. [1] The National Institute of Justice reports that over 75% of released inmates are re-incarcerated within five years of discharge from prison; this high re-offending rate is due to many U. prisons focusing on punishment, rather than on rehabilitation.

[6] Since about 40% of state inmates and 27% of federal inmates have not completed high school, prison education programs allow inmates to gain the necessary skills they will need to find work outside of prison.

[7] In addition to educational opportunities, job-training programs in prison reduce the re-offending rate and prove to be cost-effective.

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