Tags: Level Set Method ThesisAdvanced Creative WritingRutgers Admission Essay 2011Examples Of Theoretical Framework In Research PaperOn Being Black And Middle Class EssayMvno Research Paper
A theoretical framework is a collection of interrelated concepts, like a theory but not necessarily so well worked-out.A theoretical framework guides your research, determining what things you will measure, and what statistical relationships you will look for.So 'job freedom' and 'salary' are the independent variables, and 'job satisfaction' is the dependent variable. It looks like the Enterprise) There are actually two other kinds of variables, which are basically independent variables, but work a little differently. A moderator variable is one that modifies the relationship between two other variables.
Once it is explicit, we can deliberately consider other frameworks, and try to see the organizational situation through different lenses. For example, if the cases are persons, the variables could be sex, age, height, weight, feeling of empowerment, math ability, etc.
Cases are objects whose behavior or characteristics we study. But they can also be groups, departments, organizations, etc. Variables are called what they are because it is assumed that the cases will vary in their scores on these attributes.
First, no matter how little you think you know about a topic, and how unbiased you think you are, it is impossible for a human being not to have preconceived notions, even if they are of a very general nature.
For example, some people fundamentally believe that people are basically lazy and untrustworthy, and you have keep your wits about you to avoid being conned.
We could diagram that this way: An intervening or intermediary variable is one that is affected by the independent variable and in turn affects the dependent variable.
For example, we said that diversity is good for profitability because diversity leads to innovation (fresh looks) which in turn leads to profitability. We diagram it this way: Note that in the diagram, there is no arrow from diversity directly to profitability.This means that if we for innovativeness, diversity is unrelated to profitability.To control for a variable means to hold its values constant.For example, the variable 'number of children' might be zero for all members of this class.It's still a variable, though, because in principle it could have variation.Not knowing what your real framework is can be a problem.The framework tends to guide what you notice in an organization, and what you don't notice.But suppose we divide the sample into two groups: innovative companies and non-innovative.Now, within just the innovative group, we again look at the relationship between diversity and profitability. Similarly, if we just look at the non-innovative group, we might find no relationship between diversity and profitability there either.Specifically, departments that already have a lot of women will favor female applicants, while departments with few women will favor male applicants.We can diagram this as follows: Actually, if that model is true, then this one is as well, though it's harder to think about: Whether sex of applicant is the independent and % women in dept is the moderator, or the other around, is not something we can ever decide.