You also need to consider how best to present your results: tables, figures, graphs, or text.
Try to use a variety of different methods of presentation, and consider your reader: 20 pages of dense tables are hard to understand, as are five pages of graphs, but a single table and well-chosen graph that illustrate your overall findings will make things much clearer.
You may choose to write these sections separately, or combine them into a single chapter, depending on your university’s guidelines and your own preferences. Writing the results and discussion as separate sections allows you to focus first on what results you obtained and set out clearly what happened in your experiments and/or investigations without worrying about their implications.
This can focus your mind on what the results actually show and help you to sort them in your head.
The article starts by outlining the main goals and writing approaches.
Then the article explains 12 specific steps to take to write an effective Discussion chapter.However, many people find it easier to combine the results with their implications as the two are closely connected.The Results section should set out your key experimental results, including any statistical analysis and whether or not the results of these are significant.Conversely, every method should also have some results given so, if you choose to exclude certain experiments from the results, make sure that you remove mention of the method as well.If you are unsure whether to include certain results, go back to your research questions and decide whether the results are relevant to them.If you have more than about two or three, it’s often helpful to provide lists of tables and figures alongside the table of contents at the start of your dissertation.Summarise your results in the text, drawing on the figures and tables to illustrate your points.You should always keep in mind the main goals when writing your Discussion chapter.These include stating your interpretations, declaring your opinions, explaining the effects of your findings, and making suggestions and predictions for future research.Therefore, don’t be surprised if you may need more than one writing attempt for this chapter.To make sure your message remains crystal-clear, the Discussion chapter should be short and sweet, but it should fully state, support, elaborate, explain, and defend your conclusions.