Edh-Dhib's cousin noticed the caves, but edh-Dhib himself was the first to actually fall into one (the cave now called Cave 1).
He retrieved a handful of scrolls, which Trever identifies as the Isaiah Scroll, Habakkuk Commentary, and the Community Rule, and took them back to the camp to show to his family.
Early in September 1948, Metropolitan bishop Mar Samuel brought some additional scroll fragments that he had acquired to Professor Ovid R. By the end of 1948, nearly two years after their discovery, scholars had yet to locate the original cave where the fragments had been found.
With unrest in the country at that time, no large-scale search could be undertaken safely.
Many thousands of written fragments have been discovered in the Dead Sea area.
They represent the remnants of larger manuscripts damaged by natural causes or through human interference, with the vast majority holding only small scraps of text.At some point during this time, the Community Rule was split in two.The Bedouin first took the scrolls to a dealer named Ibrahim 'Ijha in Bethlehem.With the monetary value of the scrolls rising as their historical significance was made more public, the Bedouins and the ASOR archaeologists accelerated their search for the scrolls separately in the same general area of Qumran, which was over 1 kilometer in length.Between 19, Roland de Vaux led four more archaeological expeditions in the area to uncover scrolls and artifacts.Sellers tried to get the Syrians to assist in the search for the cave, but he was unable to pay their price.In early 1949, the government of Jordan gave permission to the Arab Legion to search the area where the original Qumran cave was thought to be.Consequently, Cave 1 was rediscovered on 28 January 1949, by Belgian United Nations observer Captain Phillipe Lippens and Arab Legion Captain Akkash el-Zebn.The rediscovery of what became known as "Cave 1" at Qumran prompted the initial excavation of the site from 15 February to 5 March 1949 by the Jordanian Department of Antiquities led by Gerald Lankester Harding and Roland de Vaux.The initial discovery by Bedouin shepherd Muhammed edh-Dhib, his cousin Jum'a Muhammed, and Khalil Musa, took place between November 1946 and February 1947.The shepherds discovered seven scrolls (See Scrolls and fragments) housed in jars in a cave near what is now known as the Qumran site. Trever reconstructed the story of the scrolls from several interviews with the Bedouin.