Critical Thinking Handbook

Critical Thinking Handbook-62
Critical thinking skills include knowing how to identify and assess arguments, how to construct your own good and persuasive arguments and how to communicate them, and how to recognise common pitfalls of reasoning and rhetorical tricks meant to mislead you.This course draws on examples from politics and policy debates, media and communication as well as ordinary life.Since opinions are often put forth as if they were facts, they can be challenging to recognize as opinions.

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The background of a variety of educational approaches will be explored to clarify what teaching and learning thinking might mean.

The approaches examined will be applicable across the disciplines and in different educational contexts.

“Critical thinking” has been a common phrase in education for more than a quarter century, but it can be a slippery concept to define.

Perhaps because “critical” is an adjective with certain negative connotations (e.g., “You don’t have to be so critical” or “Everybody’s a critic”), people sometimes think that critical thinking is a fault-finding exercise or that there is nothing creative about it.

In a world that is saturated with information, critical thinking is crucial in deciding what to believe and what to do.

As such critical thinking skills are essential to the conduct of a responsible and meaningful life, a successful professional career and successful studies.And you must be prepared to do so throughout the writing process; such self-questioning can, in fact, be a powerful strategy for revision (as you’ll see in more detail in Chapter 8 "Revising", Section 8.1 "Reviewing for Purpose").Critical Thinking is a skill that allows you to evaluate, analyse and synthesise information gathered by observation, experience, reflection and communication.They tend to ask questions instead of accepting everything they hear or read, and they know that answers often only open up more lines of inquiry.Critical thinkers read between the lines instead of reading only at face value, and they also develop a keen sense of how their own minds operate.It is not enough to question only the obviously opinionated material in a text.Critical thinkers develop a habit of subjecting all textual statements to a whole constellation of questions about the speaker (or writer), the intended Writers naturally write with some basic assumptions.Beginning with the view that we teach thinking by teaching the skills and tools from various thinking skills programs the exploration moves on to more sophisticated and complex theories and approaches.Students will have the opportunity to participate in lessons based on these approaches and to apply them to individual educational contexts and interests.Students will leave with a deeper understanding of thinking, teaching and the education of thinking. Introduction As I have characterized it in this handbook, critical thinking is primarily about the evaluation of arguments.


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