Criminal Justice System Essay

Criminal Justice System Essay-88
Pretrial activities include the first appearance, preliminary hearing, information or indictment and arraignment (Mutchnick, 2011).A suspect must be brought before a magistrate judge within 48 hours of their arrest for an initial court appearance.

Pretrial activities include the first appearance, preliminary hearing, information or indictment and arraignment (Mutchnick, 2011).A suspect must be brought before a magistrate judge within 48 hours of their arrest for an initial court appearance.An officer of the court directs a law enforcement official to perform a specific act related to the investigation of a crime by using a warrant which provides legal protections for the search and seizure of evidence and property.

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This presentation will address the components of the criminal justice system and the stages of the criminal justice process.

Police, court and corrections are the main components in the criminal justice system; they each play a significant role in the various stages.

The purpose of deterrence is to prevent criminal behaviors through the fear of punishment and prosecution.

Retribution seeks to take revenge on a criminal by punishing them and making them pay for their crime.

The corrections system tries to rehabilitate, reform and help to reintegrate criminal offenders back into the community.

The criminal justice process consists of five major stages: investigation and arrest, pretrial activities, trial, sentencing and corrections (Mutchnick, 2011).Those in Part 1 address the import and role of principles in the development of a just criminal law, with contributions focusing upon core tenets such as the presumption of innocence, fairness, accountability, the principles of criminal liability, and the grounds for defences.Part 2 addresses questions of human rights and due process protections in both domestic and international law.Each stage involves the different components of the criminal justice system the police, the courts and corrections.The first stage of investigation and arrest involve issuing a warrant to gather evidence to reconstruct the crime scene.Restoration attempts to repair the damage done to the victim by building back the relationship between the victim and the criminal and between the criminal and the community.Incapacitation takes away the criminal’s ability to further harm the community by removing them from society, incarcerating them in a proper facility.Criminal Justice The criminal justice system is the combination of legal and social institutions used to enforce criminal law in accordance with a defined set of rules and limitations.The main goals of the criminal justice system are deterrence, retribution, restoration, incapacitation and rehabilitation (Mutchnick, 2011).The content will be an overview of the criminal justice system as well as a description of the police officer, district attorney, defense attorney and local magistrate roles.The prosecution should become involved in a case post arrest and stay out of the original stages of the investigation to avoid a miscarriage of justice.

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