The authors note some limitations, including that the last measurement in their study is at the age of 53, when COPD is just starting to emerge, but most patients are diagnosed in their sixties.
The authors note some limitations, including that the last measurement in their study is at the age of 53, when COPD is just starting to emerge, but most patients are diagnosed in their sixties.Tags: Literature Review PurdueRunaway Jury Essay QuestionsExposition EssayResearch Paper + BiographyZinch Weekly 3 Sentence Essay ScholarshipWar Research PaperRegionalism EssaySample Of A Good Research PaperAnalyzing And Synthesizing EssayCreative Ways To Write A Love Letter
Lung function was measured at the ages of 7, 13, 18, 45, 50 and 53 years old, and participants’ exposure to various risk factors was also recorded.
The authors identified six distinct pathways describing how lung function changes with age .
The authors say that these insights are important for lung disease prediction, prevention, and treatment.“These findings highlight the importance of preventing both early life adverse exposures that could lead to poorer lung growth, and adult risk factors contributing to accelerated lung decline.
COPD is expected to be the third largest cause of death globally by 2030, and it is important that we identify its key causes so that this burden can be reduced,” says study author Professor Shyamali Dharmage, School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Australia.
While smoking remains the biggest risk factor for COPD, the study demonstrates that childhood illnesses (such as asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, allergic rhinitis, eczema) and exposures to parental smoking are also linked to the disease.
These pathways are associated with exposures in childhood, and amplified by factors in adulthood, according to a cohort study published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine journal.
Most people who develop COPD are older with a history of smoking.
The following cases are designed to help you learn how to interpret pulmonary function tests.
A second study in the journal also suggests that there could be a window of opportunity during childhood to reduce the risk of poor lung function in later life.
Both studies identified pathways of how lung function changes over life, which are associated with different risk factors and disease risk in later life.