Compulsory Education Essay

Compulsory Education Essay-33
A committee set up to study the funds requirement and funding initially estimated that INR 1710 billion or 1.71 trillion (US.2 billion) across five years was required to implement the Act, and in April 2010 the central government agreed to sharing the funding for implementing the law in the ratio of 65 to 35 between the centre and the states, and a ratio of 90 to 10 for the north-eastern states.

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Thus it was clear that the central government (which collects most of the revenue) will be required to subsidise the states.The Act makes education a fundamental right of every child between the ages of 6 and 14 and specifies minimum norms in elementary schools.It requires all private schools to reserve 25% of seats to children (to be reimbursed by the state as part of the public-private partnership plan).It is the parents' responsibility to send the children to schools in the US and other countries."The Right to Education of persons with disabilities until 18 years of age is laid down under a separate legislation - the Persons with Disabilities Act.A number of other provisions regarding improvement of school infrastructure, teacher-student ratio and faculty are made in the Act.The Supreme Court of India has also intervened to demand implementation of the Act in the Northeast.It has also provided the legal basis for ensuring pay parity between teachers in government and government aided schools.There is some confusion on this, with other media reports stating that the centre's share of the implementation expenses would now be 70%.At that rate, most states may not need to increase their education budgets substantially.The RTE Act requires surveys that will monitor all neighbourhoods, identify children requiring education, and set up facilities for providing it.The World Bank education specialist for India, Sam Carlson, has observed: "The RTE Act is the first legislation in the world that puts the responsibility of ensuring enrolment, attendance and completion on the Government.


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