The instructions are such that the essay must both compare, provide similarities, and contrast, provide differences, for living in both types of areas. Compare and contrast essays are multi-paragraph compositions that explain ways in which two (or occasionally more) subjects are similar and different.
In these essays, compare means describing similarities between the subjects.
As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.
When studying a particular subject, students are often asked to write essays that compare and contrast various aspects of that area of study.
It is common to be assigned to write essays in all areas of study, not just when taking a composition course.In a science course, topics could be based on comparing and contrasting two species of plants or animals, or comparing one theory in a given subject area to another theory.Within a history course, an instructor could assign an essay that compares two historical figures, two time periods, two wars, or even two types of government.A Venn diagram is an organizational tool formed by two overlapping circles that compare two subjects. Characteristics unique to each subject are written in the non-overlapping parts of the circle, while any similar characteristics are listed in the overlapping part.For the social studies essay, start filling the Venn diagram in with what was learned about farm life and city life. Maybe that list includes items like working with farm animals, working with farm machinery, being outdoors, self-sufficiency, fewer neighbors, etc.The choices for writing or assigning a compare and contrast essay are almost endless.Once the topic or the essay is assigned or chosen, brainstorm the qualities of each subject, then move on to some prewriting.Again, compare and contrast essays can cover almost any topic and may pop up in a variety of subject areas.In order to make decisions about what to include, writers need to keep one thing in mind: relevance.Relevance helps determine which characteristics are worth comparing and contrasting.Your thesis will help you determine the relevance, or irrelevance, of facts. This is a sentence that lets the reader know the topic and the argument the writer is making.