Clinton, “Remarks Announcing the Prohibition on Federal Funding for Cloning of Human Beings and an Exchange With Reporters,” Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J.
Clinton (1997, Book I), March 4, 1997, Washington, D.
Many countries or jurisdictions have legally banned human cloning or are in the process of doing so.
In some countries, including France and Singapore, reproductive cloning of humans is a criminal offence.
Smith, “Human Cloning Obfuscation 6: German Style” (blog post), National Review Online, May 20, 2013, For example, a search for the phrase “human cloning” in the Lexis Nexis database of English-language newspapers gives 85 results for the week following the announcement of Mitalipov’s cloning paper (May 15 to May 22, 2013) and only another 150 for the rest of 2013 (May 23 to December 31, 2013).
(See endnote 11 below for comparison.) William J.
n May 2013, American scientists announced a long-awaited development: that they had produced stem cells from cloned human embryos.
Using a technique called nuclear transfer — the same technique employed by Scottish researchers over a decade earlier to create the cloned sheep Dolly — Shoukhrat Mitalipov and his team at Oregon Health & Science University removed the nuclei from human egg cells and inserted nuclei taken from skin cells; the resulting cloned embryos were then destroyed to produce stem cells.
The manipulated oocyte is then treated with an electric current in order to stimulate cell division, resulting in the formation of an embryo.
The embryo is (virtually) genetically identical to, and thus a clone of the somatic cell donor.