In brief - use single quotes (') for initial quotations, then double quotes (") for quotations within the initial quotation and put unquoted full stops and commas outside the quotation marks.Using Chicago Style Grammar Creating In-Text Citations in Chicago Style Creating a Reference Page in Chicago Style Formatting in Chicago Style Show 1 more... Questions & Answers Related Articles References wiki How is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. If you use one source multiple times, then the first time you use the source, you cite it as they show you.If there are two or three authors of the source, include their full names in the order they appear on the source. Hubbard, You may want to include other contributor information in your footnotes such as editor, translator, or compiler.
The School of Historical and Philosophical Studies (SHAPS) recommends but the History discipline requires the use of Chicago style footnoting and referencing, which is summarised on the University Library's Chicago web page.
The full Chicago style guide is available through the University Library Catalogue (you need to log in).
If using an unpublished address, cite only in the paper/writing.
If using a published address, use a footnote with the following format.
John Smith, It may not be possible to find the author/contributor information; some sources may not even have an author or contributor- for instance, when you cite some websites.
Simply omit the unknown information and continue with the footnote as usual.Footnotes should match with a superscript number at the end of the sentence referencing the source.You should begin with 1 and continue numerically throughout the paper. In the text: Throughout the first half of the novel, Strether has grown increasingly open and at ease in Europe; this quotation demonstrates openness and ease.While APA-formatting is the most commonly used through middle and high school, college courses sometimes demand more rigorous assignments.When writing college papers, you may find that your teacher requests MLA- or Chicago-Style formatting.The first footnote of your paper must have full bibliographic references.In the following footnotes, the last name of the author is more than important.If page numbers cannot be referenced, simply exclude them.Below are different templates: Multivolume work: When an original source is unavailable, then cite the secondhand source – for instance, a lecture in a conference proceedings.If there is no author, use either the article or website title to begin the citation.Be sure to use quotes for article titles and include the URL.