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The introduction to a research paper simply introduces the topic being researched.The introduction contains a topic sentence, a thesis statement, then three to five reasons, details and/or facts supporting your research followed by a conclusion. The thesis statement and the supporting sentences provide the background information the reader needs about the topic.
Thirteen types of topic sentences are outlined in "Step Up to Writing," a booklet that gives basic composition tips.
Some of these include the "occasion/position statement," "however statements," the "list statement" and the "compare/contrast statement." The thesis statement in the introduction makes the main idea of your paper clear to the reader.
This format assumes a mixed methods study, but you can leave out either quantitative or qualitative sections if you only used a single methodology. Section 2: Abstract (a basic summary of the report, including sample, treatment, design, results, and implications) (≤ 150 words) optional, if required.
This review is divided into sections for easy reference. Section 3: Introduction (1-3 paragraphs) • Basic introduction • Supportive statistics (can be from periodicals) • Statement of Purpose • Statement of Significance Section 4: Research question(s) or hypotheses • An overall research question (optional) • A quantitative-based (hypotheses) • A qualitative-based (research questions) Note: You will generally have more than one, especially if using hypotheses.
In addition, the researcher will provide a rationale for why the research is important and will present a hypothesis that attempts to answer the key question.
Lastly, the introduction should summarize the state of the key question following the completion of the research.First it allows readers to evaluate the quality of the research and second, it provides the details by which another researcher may replicate and validate the findings.(1) Typically the information in the methodology section is arranged in chronological order with the most important information at the top of each section.There are five MAJOR parts of a Research Report: 1. Section 5: Review of Literature ▪ Should be organized by subheadings ▪ Should adequately support your study using supporting, related, and/or refuting evidence ▪ Is a synthesis, not a collection of individual summaries Section 6: Methods ▪ Procedure: Describe data gathering or participant recruitment, including IRB approval ▪ Sample: Describe the sample or dataset, including basic demographics ▪ Setting: Describe the setting, if applicable (generally only in qualitative designs) ▪ Treatment: If applicable, describe, in detail, how you implemented the treatment ▪ Instrument: Describe, in detail, how you implemented the instrument; Describe the reliability and validity associated with the instrument ▪ Data Analysis: Describe type of procedure (t-test, interviews, etc.) and software (if used) Section 7: Results ▪ Restate Research Question 1 (Quantitative) ▪ Describe results ▪ Restate Research Question 2 (Qualitative) ▪ Describe results Section 8: Discussion ▪ Restate Overall Research Question ▪ Describe how the results, when taken together, answer the overall question ▪ ***Describe how the results confirm or contrast the literature you reviewed Section 9: Recommendations (if applicable, generally related to practice) Section 10: Limitations ▪ Discuss, in several sentences, the limitations of this study.The six components of a research report are as follows: An abstract, introduction, methodology, results, discussion, and references.The abstract is an overview of the research study and is typically two to four paragraphs in length.Think of it as an executive summary that distills the key elements of the remaining sections into a few sentences.Examine your outline for direction, then write several thesis statements and choose the one that most appropriately fits your topic sentence.Utilizing expressive words and vivid action verbs help the thesis grab the reader's attention.An introduction doesn't explain findings in detail. The topic sentence in the introduction simply states the main idea of your paper.It should be clear and concise yet thorough enough for a reader to understand what will be presented.