This is closely connected to curiosity — if you’re arrogant and think you know everything already, then you have no reason to be curious.
But a humble person always recognizes the limitations and gaps in their knowledge.
So critical thinking absolutely depends on traditions.
There’s no question that critical thinking means something Until Einstein, no physicist was ever more influential than Isaac Newton.
Critical thinking, in the history of modern Western thought, is strongly associated with the Enlightenment, the period when European and American philosophers decided to approach the world with a rational eye, rejecting blind faith and questioning traditional authority.
It was this moment in history that gave us modern medicine, democracy, and the early forms of industrial technology.He was deeply indebted to the whole tradition of scientists that had come before him — Europeans, Greeks, Arabs, Indians, and all the rest.“It seems to me what is called for is an exquisite balance between two conflicting needs: the most skeptical scrutiny of all hypotheses…and at the same time a great openness to new ideas.At the same time, the Enlightenment also came with many downsides, particularly the fact that it was so hostile to tradition.This hostility is understandable given the state of Europe at the time — ripped apart by bloody conflict between different religions, and oppressed by traditional monarchs who rooted their power in that of the Church.Too often, people talk about critical thinkers as though they’re solitary explorers, forging their own path through the jungle of ideas without help from others. Real critical thinking means you constantly engage with other people, listen to what they have to say, and try to imagine how they see the world.By seeing things from someone else’s perspective, you can generate far more new ideas than you could by relying on your own knowledge alone.Enlightenment thinkers understandably rejected traditional thinking, holding it responsible for all this violence and injustice.But still, the Enlightenment sometimes went too far in the opposite direction.Obviously those two modes of thought are in some tension.But if you are able to exercise only one of these modes, whichever one it is, you’re in deep trouble.” (Carl Sagan, In this quote, Carl Sagan offers a sensitive analysis of a tension within the idea of critical thinking.