(Another assumption in this argument is that its not good to make students racist.
Therefore you want to be respectful and give them the benefit of the doubt even if you think their views are incorrect.
Theyll be much more likely to be persuaded then.
Therefore, the fact that they didnt learn about the causes of racism, together with this other information, actually supports the claim that students need to learn what causes racism.
(Here again theres a faulty assumption, implied but not stated: Previous generations supposedly did function adequately in civic life.
This is a very common form of counter-argument, one that actually rebuts a different argument.
(Note that here, too, theres a faulty assumption: being The response here would be to show that previous generations did not function adequately in civic life, because they had a lot of problems with racism (segregation and more hidden forms of discrimination).Dont use biased language or stack the deck when presenting their position.Readers see through that sort of thing pretty quickly.One response would be to muster facts to show that racism continues to be a problem.(Theres a second assumption, which is that students dont need to bother with whats in the past.The response shows that that assumption is incorrect.) Top Sometimes you come up with a counter-argument that you think is true that you think responds to your actual argument, not some other point.Then you are faced with a choice: Do you abandon your thesis and adopt the counter-argument as your position?(The other approach, to use sarcasm and satire to expose mistaken ideas, is very powerful, but should be used with care, especially before youve mastered the art of rhetoric.) Top One of the most effective ways to rebut a counter-argument is to show that it is based on faulty assumptions.Either the facts are wrong, the analysis is incorrect, or the values it is based on are not acceptable. Furthermore, some counter-arguments are simply irrelevant, usually because they are actually responding to a different argument. This is because it gives you the chance to respond to your readers objections before they have finished reading.Give reasons why someone might actually hold that view.