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Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author's last name, using the letter-by-letter system (ignore spaces and other punctuation.) Only the initials of the first and middle names are given. If the author's name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A, An, or The.
The American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is primarily used in the social sciences.
This format differs from the Modern Language Association (MLA) style because it emphasizes the date by placing it earlier in the citation, and it helps reduce bias by using only the last names and first initials of the author, thereby removing gender from the author’s name.
Presenting your findings: A practical guide for creating tables.
Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.).
Always check with your instructor regarding their preference of using italics or underlining. All APA citations should use hanging indents, that is, the first line of an entry should be flush left, and the second and subsequent lines should be indented 1/2".
The APA guidelines specify using sentence-style capitalization for the titles of books or articles, so you should capitalize only the first word of a title and subtitle. With the month-day-year style, be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there. When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined because most typewriters had no way to print italics. If there is more than one author, use an ampersand (&) before the name of the last author. If there are more than six authors, list only the first one and use et al. Place the date of publication in parentheses immediately after the name of the author. Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works within longer works. The exceptions to this rule would be periodical titles and proper names in a title which should still be capitalized. The periodical title is run in title case, and is followed by the volume number which, with the title, is also italicized. If you can't find a specific name for the organization, you can use the title of the article, website, or blog.Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the American Psychological Association (APA). Your list of works cited should begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centered title, References. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. A bibliography, however, typically includes resources in addition to those cited in the text and may include annotated descriptions of the items listed.In general, the list of references is double-spaced and listed alphabetically by first author's last name.