Analysis Of John Locke'S An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Analysis Of John Locke'S An Essay Concerning Human Understanding-10
An essay concerning human understanding is one of the greatest philosophy works : Locke, folllowing, Descartes, described the new world of spirit and consciousness, thaht make human dignity.According to Locke, the understanding is the sign of human superiority over the animals and is comparable to the eye: it makes us see things, but it does not see itself naturally.

An essay concerning human understanding is one of the greatest philosophy works : Locke, folllowing, Descartes, described the new world of spirit and consciousness, thaht make human dignity.According to Locke, the understanding is the sign of human superiority over the animals and is comparable to the eye: it makes us see things, but it does not see itself naturally.Trying to reverse our eyes and make the understanding itself the subject of our review.

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Both types of experience, external and internal, “provide the materials in our minds of all his thoughts,” and are “the two sources from which all the ideas we have, or we can have naturally.” Our senses are first affected in various ways by external objects, resulting in a certain type of perception, and thus their minds.

Thus we get the idea from white to yellow, cold, etc.., More generally, what we call sensible qualities. Or mind not only to welcome these ideas obtained through passive sensation: the operations of the mind (thinking, doubting, believing, reasoning, willing, etc.). As a result, new ideas emerge, and the origin of the latter is no longer the sensation but the reflection.

To answer this question, Locke uses the famous metaphor of the empty table (or tabula rasa): “Let us suppose that in the beginning, the soul is called a vacuum, void of all characters, without any idea of any kind. […] Where she draws all these materials that are like the back of all reasoning and all knowledge? The answer to Locke, who founded his empire: “To this I answer in one word, from experience: that is the foundation of all knowledge, and that’s where they get their first home “.

This experience is one of the objects of the sensible world, as well as domestic operations of our minds.

Locke shows that an idea is innate means that the soul naturally sees this idea is the meaning of this doctrine. In fact, the only thing Locke grants the innateness is the fact that the faculty of understanding is innate.

Chronologically, these are the processes by which ideas are formed in our minds: -Direction we discover the world, and therefore ideas appear in our mind -These, more and more familiar, return to our memory and we give them names -The spirit of other abstract ideas, these ideas brought by the senses: it is the general concepts -Mind reasoning about these concepts and find others.

These qualities produce in us simple ideas, when we perceive them.

Secondary qualities are those things in “the power to produce various sensations in us by means of their first qualities [range, size, etc.].” 1. The qualities come knocking our senses by the action of a particle insensitive.

” However, it can create for himself new simple ideas.

Care must be taken to distinguish the ideas in the mind and the qualities in bodies, “material modifications that produce these perceptions in the mind.” It should not, in fact, “we figured (as it is perhaps too accustomed to do so) that our ideas are real images or resemblances of something inherent in the subject that produces them.” In fact, “most of the ideas of sensation in our minds no more like something that exists outside of us, the names are similar to our ideas.” The author of the Essay Concerning Human Understanding provides a definition of the idea as “a perception that is in our mind when he thinks.” While the quality of the object is “the power or faculty that has to produce a certain idea in mind.” A distinction that has been made between idea and quality, Locke proposes a second: that between primary qualities and secondary qualities The primary qualities are those that are “wholly inseparable from the body in a state it is, so it keeps them always, any change or alteration that the body comes to suffer.” They are in “every part of matter.” This is the extent, strength, shape, motion, number. Coupons a grain of wheat in two: each party has always a certain extent, some form, etc..

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