During their peak height velocity (the time of most rapid growth), adolescents grow at a growth rate nearly identical to that of a toddler—about 4 inches (10.3 cm) a year for males and 3.5 inches (9 cm) for females.In addition to changes in height, adolescents also experience a significant increase in weight (Marshall, 1978).Tags: Estate Planning For Business Owners2011 Legal Studies Crime EssayRealtor Business Plan TemplateUniversity Entrance Autobiographical EssayGood Excuses For Homework Not DoneRole Of Critical Thinking
Within all of these perspectives, adolescence is viewed as a transitional period between childhood and adulthood, whose cultural purpose is the preparation of children for adult roles.
The end of adolescence and the beginning of adulthood varies by country.
The production of these hormones increases gradually until sexual maturation is met.
Some boys may develop gynecomastia due to an imbalance of sex hormones, tissue responsiveness or obesity.
The male and female gonads are subsequently activated, which puts them into a state of rapid growth and development; the triggered gonads now commence the mass production of the necessary chemicals.
The testes primarily release testosterone, and the ovaries predominantly dispense estrogen.
Consequently, girls who have a high-fat diet and who are not physically active begin menstruating earlier, on average, than girls whose diet contains less fat and whose activities involve fat reducing exercise (e.g. They have the advantage in capturing the attention of potential partners and in becoming hand-picked for sports.
Pubescent boys often tend to have a good body image, are more confident, secure, and more independent.
Adolescence is usually accompanied by an increased independence allowed by the parents or legal guardians, including less supervision as compared to preadolescence.
In studying adolescent development, adolescence can be defined biologically, as the physical transition marked by the onset of puberty and the termination of physical growth; cognitively, as changes in the ability to think abstractly and multi-dimensionally; or socially, as a period of preparation for adult roles.