Alternative Energy Research Paper

Alternative Energy Research Paper-25
Renewable energy is energy from sources that are naturally replenishing but flow-limited; renewable resources are virtually inexhaustible in duration but limited in the amount of energy that is available per unit of time. renewable energy consumption will continue to increase through 2050.The major types of renewable energy sources are Until the mid-1800s, wood was the source of nearly all of the nation's energy needs for heating, cooking, and lighting. Technology to utilise the forces of nature for doing work to supply human needs is as old as the first sailing ship.

Renewable energy is energy from sources that are naturally replenishing but flow-limited; renewable resources are virtually inexhaustible in duration but limited in the amount of energy that is available per unit of time. renewable energy consumption will continue to increase through 2050.

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Using renewable energy can reduce the use of fossil fuels, which are major sources of U.

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Attention again turned to the huge sources of energy surging around us in nature – sun, wind, and seas in particular.

There was never any doubt about the magnitude of these, the challenge was always in harnessing them so as to meet demand.

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In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and Java Script.The major published study on EROI, by Weissbach (2013) showed: “Nuclear, hydro, coal, and natural gas power systems (in this order) are one order of magnitude more effective than photovoltaics and wind power.” This raises questions about the sustainability of wind and solar PV which have not yet been addressed in national energy policies.A fuller account of EROI in electricity generation is in the information paper on Energy Return on Investment.This is not quoted for particular projects, but is the subject of more general studies.EROI is the ratio of the energy delivered by a process to the energy used directly and indirectly in that process, and is part of lifecycle analysis (LCA).This was compounded by the increasing use of reticulated electricity based on fossil fuels and the importance of portable high-density energy sources for transport – the era of oil.As electricity demand escalated, with supply depending largely on fossil fuels plus some hydro power and then nuclear energy, concerns arose about carbon dioxide emissions contributing to possible global warming.An EROI of about 7 is considered break-even economically for developed countries.The US average EROI across all generating technologies is about 40.Here, I show that the average pattern across most nations of the world over the past fifty years is one where each unit of total national energy use from non-fossil-fuel sources displaced less than one-quarter of a unit of fossil-fuel energy use and, focusing specifically on electricity, each unit of electricity generated by non-fossil-fuel sources displaced less than one-tenth of a unit of fossil-fuel-generated electricity.These results challenge conventional thinking in that they indicate that suppressing the use of fossil fuel will require changes other than simply technical ones such as expanding non-fossil-fuel energy production.

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