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After giving birth, some are allowed to escape—but forced to leave their children behind. China ended the “one-child” policy but continued restricting reproductive rights through a new “two-child” policy. But such prohibitions are often both ineffective and a threat to women’s rights to access abortion and make their own reproductive choices.There is evidence of similar patterns of bride migration and trafficking in Cambodia, North Korea, and Vietnam, and more may emerge from other countries bordering China. China, India, and other affected countries need to act urgently to mitigate the effects of the woman shortage.
Many parts of India, the second most populated country, have also, for decades, had a sex ratio at birth significantly higher than 105.
The consequence is that in those countries combined—which together have a population of about 2.73 billion—there are now an estimated 80 million extra men.
In China, similar decisions were encouraged by the “one-child” policy in place from 1979 to 2015, which prompted many parents to decide that their sole child must be a boy.
The common thread is gender discrimination—from garden-variety sexism to practical concerns about sons being more likely to financially support parents in old age and provide grandchildren, while daughters are expected to live with their in-laws—which is hardly unique to China and India.
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This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service.“Nothing like this has happened in human history,” the wrote in an April 2018 article.In India, many families used sex-selective abortion to choose boys, prompting the passage of a law that made it illegal to screen for the sex of the fetus and conduct sex-selective abortions.In the world’s two most populated countries—China and India—there is a serious woman shortage.For example, for several decades in China, the most populated country in the world, sex ratios at birth have been much higher than 105, sometimes exceeding 120 boys for every 100 girls.You need a few extra boys for balance, because men die earlier.We are learning right now what happens when the sex ratio becomes wildly out of whack, through a huge unintended experiment.Then they sell them, for around ,000 to ,000, to Chinese families struggling to find brides for their sons.Once purchased, women and girls are typically locked in a room and raped repeatedly, with the goal of getting them pregnant quickly so they can provide a baby for the family. We know that skewed sex ratios are already having harmful consequences and we do not fully understand what other long-term consequences there may be for societies affected by these disparities.The woman shortage is having harmful consequences in China and sometimes in neighboring countries.Human Rights Watch looked at one of those consequences for a report forthcoming in 2019 focused on bride-trafficking from Myanmar to China.