From the harbor of Boston during the first stages of the American Revolution to the plantations of Haiti during the struggle to end slavery, people have battled for power.
Even in places like China with the Boxer Rebellion, people were responding against the issue of Westernization. These two sentences address both the religious and ethnic aspects of the question. The Ottoman government took the same position on religious diversity as it did on ethnic diversity.
You have one chance to make a good first impression.
Usually, an AP World History reader can tell within the first few sentences whether or not an essay is going to be strong.
There were many ways in which the Ottoman government viewed ethnic and religious groups.
The next statement paraphrases the historical background and does not address the question. The Ottoman government brought reforms in the Constitution of 1876.This next sentence gets the question backward: you are being asked for the government’s view of religious and ethnic groups, not the groups’ view of the government.Though the point-of-view issue is very important, this statement would not receive POV credit.Imperialism made the demand for change even more important, as European powers circled the globe and stretched their influences to the far reaches of the known world. Minorities were servants of the Ottoman Turks, and religious diversity was allowed as long as Islam remained supreme.This statement answers the question in a different way but is equally successful.It would not receive credit because of its irrelevancy.Throughout history, people around the world have struggled with the issue of political power and freedom.A few essays can recover after a poor start, but first impressions matter.Consequently, nothing is more important in the first paragraph than the clear statement of an analytical thesis.A good idea is to write a concluding paragraph that might extend your original thesis.Think of a way to restate your thesis, adding information from your analysis of the documents.